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Reports on Mathematical Logic

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No. 36

P. Cordero, M. Enciso, I. P. de Guzman: ** **
**From the poset of temporal implicates/implicants to a temporal
negative form**

A b s t r a c t. Linear time temporal logics have proven to yield successful formalisms
for
a wide range of applications. Nevertheless, the
lack of an efficient automated deduction method has prevented temporal
logics from playing a more important role in computer science.

Recently, the use of unitary implicates and implicants has guided a lot
of work in automated deduction.

In this paper, we present a formal framework in the study of unitary
implicants and implicates in Temporal Logic. It is focussed on the
temporal propositional logic, FNext$\pm$, with an infinite, linear and
discrete
flow of time. In our opinion, this formal framework allows an
outstanding
advance in the search for efficient
automated deduction
methods in temporal logics.
The sets of unitary implicates and implicants of a formula in FNext$\pm$
can be
infinite and therefore difficult to handle. We introduce the notion of
temporal literal in FNext$\pm$ and
we consider the semantic implication as an order relation over the set
of
temporal literals. Then, we develop
theoretical studies of the poset of temporal literals and the sets of
implicants and implicates. The
formal results obtained allow us to define an efficient way to extract
the
maximum amount of information about
the set of unitary implicants and implicates of the formula.

To emphasize the interest of these theoretical results, we show how this
study allows us to introduce a suitable
notion of Temporal Negative Normal Form for Temporal Logic.

The definition
of such a normal form constitutes an unsolved problem until now. This
is a major contribution of the
paper and it will have a significant relevance in
the future design of efficient automated theorem provers.

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